Kundli matching is a procedure famous in the Indian tradition especially during initiations regarding marriage. This process is done to ensure the stability of the bond formed between the groom and the bride, for them to live a peaceful and prosperous life. It is another way used to know the doshas and other hindrances being caused due to various factors that might affect the bride or groom or in a few cases close family members or parents of either one. This will be a problem for both of them in the long run, hence, Kundli matching becomes essential in these times to evaluate the shortcomings of the future and the measures to be taken to not face the effects of these.
The kundli matching process is a vast one containing different aspects and gunas to be considered. A compilation of all these reports will be decoded and the future is described by astrologers knowledgeable in that field. According to Vedic astrology, there are a total of 36 gunas that need to be considered for marriage. Each guna will be categorized into a specific group that has a distribution of the number of acceptable gunas, deciding the strength of the marital bond.
Division of gunas:
The 36 gunas are basically categorized into 8 sub-groups, each containing a specific number of maximum possible gunas approved. These gunas are equivalent to points obtained in a quiz. The aim is to match the maximum number of points possible so as to maintain a proper balance and compatibility in the bond
The 8 sub-groups or kootas are stated:
Nadi – The Nadi group consists of 21 nakshatras or birth stars, calculated based on birth time, categorized into three different groups. Each group contains 7 birth stars and the most preferable match is the one where the bride and groom do not belong to the same group. This koota is specifically for estimating the physical compatibility and the probability of child birth. A couple with different Nadi groups is highly compatible while those with the same is not as compatible as the other. This consists of a total of 8 gunas allocated to it where the probability is either 8 gunas or none.
Bhakoot or Rashikoot – It is a symbol used to determine the emotional compatibility of the couple and is based on the lagna present at the time of birth. The lagna is the zodiac sign present in the eastern horizon at the time of birth. This lagna has special importance for the couple-to-be by determining the emotional strength they would share. This will clear the amount of harmony they share together and the understanding they will be having of each other. This is allotted 7 gunas of which the accepted number may vary.
Gan – This is used to represent the basic nature of a person as in their behavior. Every person, based on their raashi or sign are categorized into 3 ganas, namely, devata, rakshasa and manava. Each gana represents a nature the person carries and a couple having the same gana are highly compatible and related ganas are of medium compatibility. This has 6 gunas allocated to it and the points are variable.
Maitri – This is used to know the bond shared by them upon being together and entirely based on one’s likes and dislikes that is indicated by their zodiac sign. Zodiac signs that share a great mutual friendship are more compatible than those with lesser similarities and compatibility. This has 5 gunas associated and the allocation varies.
Yoni – This is used to test the compatibility mostly in sexual terms and mental togetherness. An analysis of the nakshatras or birth stars categorized separately is made which is used to analyze their compatibility in this regard. This also looks at the amount of attractiveness they share for each other too. This has 4 gunas allocated and the maximum number of points is variable.
Tara – This is used to estimate the longevity of the bond shared by the couple. This will be based on the zodiac signs and stars together and the amount of sharing will decide the strength of this bond. This has 3 gunas allocated to it and the number required is variable.
Vaasya – This is used to test the amount of love the pair would develop for each other and signify the evolvement of them as a couple. If there is a lesser compatibility in this regard, the amount of support they can give will vary highly, disturbing their life. This is allocated 2 gunas where the maximum is 2 and the other option is 0.
Varna – It indicates towards the professional status and likings of a couple entirely based on their zodiac signs. These need to match on a certain level so as to maintain harmony and a sense of peace in the life of the couple. This is allocated 1 guna and the couple can get a 1 or a 0.